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[:en]Learn about ancient civilization[:]

Pythagoras Cave – Mount Kerkis
Pythagoras used his bigger cave for teaching and to provide drinking water but he did not live there because his cave is too high up to the mountain and too steep. The cave goes back about 80 meters but you can walk only 15 to 20 meters until you reach the Holy water. As you go up before the first chapel ( Saint John) there is a small path on the right side that it goes to the cave of Pythagoras. The path is steep and it finishes under a fig tree. Then you must climb 1-2 meters and to follow the orange marks with spray to find entrance. This cave, Pythagoras used for staying because you can live there, it’s more flat than the other. There are three rooms but you can go only in two of them.
Paleontological and folklore museum in Mitilinioi
This popular museum in Mitilinioi (receiving around 30,000 international visitors per year) presents a rich and varied number of paleontological finds. The visitor can explore exhibits among which are 350 types of fish and shellfish, 40 bird species, 30 kinds of animals, reptiles and amphibians of Samos and around 3000 kinds of Greek herbs.
Samos Wine Museum in Vathi
Museum of Samian Wine in Vathi in Samos. You will learn about the history of Samos wine, how it is produced and taste some of the best wines.
Archaeological Museum of Pythagorion
Very nice space in the center of Pythagorion. The findings are exhibited in a highly organized, beautiful and creative way.
Archaeological Museum of Samos
It’s worth visiting this museum to see the momentus ancient findings from the largest temple of Hera. The museum in Vathi is a must visit for anyone interested in ancient history. Very rich collection and an in-depth look at a place with a long and interesting history. Dominates the Colossian Couros of the 6th century BC! It hosts excellent exhibits and large size. Worth a visit in the morning.
Zoedochos Pigi Monastery
Hospitable female monastery overlooking the beaches of eastern Samos The route is magnificent and the monastery old.   It is at the top of the mountain, with fantastic views and a lush path between pines and herbs. The monastery is feminine, crystal clear with beautiful voices singing the hymns. The nuns, like black wings, have taken care of everything with love. After breakfast, coffee and cookies are offered. Off 10.00 – 13.00 and 17.00 – 19.00 open.
Timios Stavros Monastery
The Holy Cross Monastery is located north of the plain of Chora, in central Samos. The monastery was built in 1592 and rebuilt in its present form in 1838, at the point where the sacred spring was located. Spring water is still running, giving cool and cold water on the hottest summer day. The church of the monastery has a large, well-treated iconostasis, carved in walnut, interesting and worth a visit. There is a small shop selling monk handmade products.
Agia Triada (Holy Trinity) Monastery
The Holy Trinity Monastery or New Zoodochos Pigi is located in the area of Katrafili, near the town of Mytilene. The Monastery of Agia Triada was built in 1824 and is the newest monastery on the island. It is located near the settlement Mytilinioi. The iconostasis of the temple is marble and the silvered icon of Zoodochos Pigi is an important work of art. The dome of the temple is based on columns, which according to tradition were transferred from a building of ancient Samos.
Spiliani Monastery
Discover Monastery of Panagia Spiliani in Pythagorion, Samos island.
The medieval (Byzantine) castle at Pythagorion
On the southwest side of the harbor of Pythagorion (ancient Samos), there is a low hill on which parts of the Byzantine Castle of the city are preserved to this day. The site has been in use since the late Neolithic period (late 4th millennium BC). During the archaic period the hill was surrounded by the strong fortifications that protected the port of Pythagorion, it is even believed that the palace of the tyrant of Samos, Polykratis (6th century BC) was located here. The remains of buildings of the Hellenistic and Roman periods attest to the use of the hill during the following centuries.
Efpalinus Tunnel
According to Herodotus, the Efpalinus Tunnel is one of the most important works in the history of engineering which has been designated by the Unesco World Heritage Site since 1992
Hera’s Temple
Ruins of an Ionic temple originally built in the 8th century BCE & dedicated to the goddess Hera.
Archaeological Museum of Pythagorion
Pythagorio, Samos Island, Greece. This museum is the reflection of the findings after excavations at Heraion and various locations, and should be appreciated for its rich items which are exhibited. Marble monumental sarcophagus in the shape of a temple.